Timeline OH&S Standards
The safety management system that has long been known is OHSAS 18001 which was issued by the British Standard (BS) in 2007. Although this standard originated in the UK, it is very popular and is used as a reference for safety management systems in many countries.
Meanwhile, in Indonesia since 1970, it has had a law on safety, and in detail in 2012 PP No. 50 on the Implementation of the K3 Management System (SMK3). With regulations that have been issued, legally affirm that Indonesia really cares about the aspect of work safety. In practice in the world of industry and labor, both regulations in Indonesia and from abroad (OHSAS 18001) are very dependent on which companies want to choose which regulations. Because in fact, all regulations regarding work safety have the main objective of protecting workers, property, company assets, and minimizing the impact of work accidents.
Then in 2018, an OH&S management system standard was ISO 45001 published.
Benefits of ISO 45001
Some of the benefits of implementing this OH&S standard:
- Reduce incidents at work;
- Reducing lost working hours and staff turnover, increase productivity;
- Reducing insurance cost premiums;
- Creating a work culture that prioritizes OH&S;
- Strengthen leadership in OH&S performance;
- Compliance with regulations related to OH&S;
- Improve the reputation and value of the company/organization.
Publication of ISO 45001
The publication of ISO 45001 was originally planned for October 2016. However, there were about 3,000 entries from around the world in the preparation of the first draft.
The International Organization for Standardization is an international institution consisting of experts from all over the country with the aim of providing reference guidelines for management systems. Initially, the abbreviation of the institution was OIS in English, or OIN in French (Organization Internationale de Normalization) before finally being assigned the name ISO, taken from the Greek language ISOS which means the same.
With the spirit of “the same” or “equality” ISO wants a common guideline for management systems in all countries. So that the occupational safety and health management system uses ISO 45001. It was released in 2018 with a transition/ adjustment period of the next three years, in 2021 the guideline standard has specifically replaced OHSAS 18001: 2007.
Safety and health in the workplace are aspects that must be taken into account in running a business, especially in preventing work accidents and fatality. ISO 45001 provides minimum requirements for protecting workers around the world.
The fatality rate recorded in the international labor organization (ILO) and the Indonesian Ministry of Manpower shows an increase from year to year with the fatality rate for workers reaching hundreds of millions in the world and 177,000 cases of work accidents in Indonesia in 2020. The impact of work accidents will be felt by companies and especially by families left behind. The costs for recovery due to work accidents are also not small. So that there needs to be real attention and action from all parties to care more about OH&S.
ISO 45001, the requirements and guidelines for the occupational safety and health management system, is the first international standard for occupational safety and health. It provides a framework of reference for developing safety scenarios, reducing work risks, and improving welfare at work.
Who is ISO 45001 for?
ISO 45001 is intended for all types of companies, business fields, and regardless of the number of workers in the organization’s processes, which have potential work hazards and risks. This standard has been designed with a High-level Structure that will be easy to integrate with other ISO management system standards, such as ISO 9001 (quality management) and ISO 14001 (environmental management).
ISO 45001 provides guidance in developing an occupational safety and health management system. This will assist the organization in identifying risks and making improvements in the performance of safety and health aspects. The expected performance is by developing and implementing organizational policies & goals.
Differences from other OH&S Standards.
ISO 45001 was developed from several standards such as OHSAS 18001, ILO-OSH 2001 guidelines, and National OH&S standards which are consistent with international labor standards & conventions. In addition, the draft of this standard comes from experts from more than 70 countries with various interactions between organizations and the work environment.
ISO 45001 adopts a work risk approach to ensure its effectiveness in continuous improvement and achievement of organizational goals. At last, ISO 45001 is an international standard for occupational safety and health management systems.
Integration of ISO 45001 into existing Management Systems.
ISO 45001 is composed of several clauses called high-level structures with requirements and definitions that are identical to the ISO management system standards that were revised in 2015, such as ISO 9001 and ISO 14001. With the arrangement of clauses that have been designed in such a way, it will make it easier for organizations to incorporate ISO 45001 into existing management systems.
The integration that is carried out will make it easier for organizations to carry out operations by fulfilling aspects of quality, OH&S, and environmental aspects. The procedures made will also be concise and concise but still, fulfill all the required aspects.
How is ISO 45001 Certification?
ISO 45001 certification is not a requirement required in the standard, but as a useful tool to show that a company/ organization has met the criteria. If you previously had an OHSAS 18001 certificate, then replacing it with ISO 45001 was very easy because it had implemented work systems and tools based on OH&S aspects. ISO 45001 as of April 2021 has been in effect.
How do I get started?
If you wish to implement ISO 45001, we provide tips to get you started:
- Analyze relevant organizational contexts on aspects of OH&S (eg interested parties) that may affect your business;
- Define the scope of the system, taking into account what you want your management system to achieve;
- Establish OH&S policies and goals;
- Determine the time frame you want to implement your system and plan how to achieve it;
- Determine the competencies and resources required for standard implementation.