Indonesia as a developed country since 1970 has had regulations on Occupational Safety and Health (K3). Then in 2012, it was clear that the Indonesian government was very concerned about the OHS aspect. Thus, PP 50 of 2012 concerning the application of the Occupational Health and Safety Management System (SMK3) was published.
This Regulation of PP 50 of 2012 aims to:
Improve the effectiveness of planned, measured, structured, and integrated occupational health and safety protection.
Prevent and reduce occupational accidents and occupational diseases by involving elements of management, workers/ laborers, and/ or trade/ labor unions.
Creating a safe, comfortable, and efficient workplace to boost productivity.
With this aim, it is hoped that every company that has an operational category with a high hazard risk can implement the OHS Management System.
Every company that has employs/ workers/ laborers of at least 100 (one hundred) people, or has a high level of potential danger is obliged to implement the OHS Management System (SMK3).
As a form of government appreciation for companies implementing SMK3, there is a certification process by an audit body appointed by the government. The audit agency has passed the requirements and received a letter of appointment from the government. There are three levels of certification to choose from: entry-level, transition level, and advanced level. All SMK3 certification levels have evaluation criteria with a total of 167 criteria.
Following are the 167 criteria contained in PP. 50 of 2012:
Build and Maintenance Commitments
There is a written OHS policy dated, signed by the entrepreneur or management, clearly stating the goals and objectives of OSH and commitment to improving OHS.
The policy is formulated by employers and/or management after undergoing a consultation process with labor representatives.
The company communicates OHS policies to all workers, guests, contractors, customers, and suppliers in the right manner.
Special policies are made for specific OHS issues.
OHS policies and other specific policies are reviewed periodically to ensure that these policies are in accordance with changes that occur within the company and in-laws and regulations.
Skills and Ability Development
The company has a system that ensures compliance with license or qualification requirements in accordance with laws and regulations to carry out special tasks, carry out work, or operate the equipment.
Details of the above criteria can be seen in PP 50 of 2012.